YOU CAN BE A JUDGE! AND YOU CAN BE A JUDGE! AND YOU AND YOU AND YOU!!!!
NOW THAT I AM PRESIDENT... I REFUSE TO ALLOW YOU TO BE JUSTICES OF THE PEACE!
NOOOOOOOOOO!!!!! I WANNA BE A JUDGE!!!!
John Adams ran to be re-elected for President but... he lost to Thomas Jefferson. John Adams then (in his last few weeks of of office) decides to appoint a lot of Justices of the Peace,
THESE PEOPLE WILL HELP ME!
Thomas Jefferson became President and refused to allow any of Adams' appointments to become Justices of the Peace. James Madison (the little guy sitting on the stage) was more than happy to help Thomas Jefferson carry out this act.
William Marbury was very upset (as you can imagine) that he couldn't become a judge. He then decided to go to the Supreme Court for help (because he initially went to Congress, but they were no help).
Marbury believed that he was entitled to the writ because his commision had already been created. He also believed that the Supreme Court has the power to issue the writ.
The Supreme Court believed that he had a right to receive his commision, but they didn't believe that they had the power to issue it.
Marbury lost and the Supreme Court came up with Judicial Review which basically states that the Judicial Branch is the only branch that can interpret the Constitution and they can prevent others from going against it. The phrase "Living Constitution" was also created which means that the Constitution has a "dynamic" meaning.