Attack the end of the fish hook! That's where they're weakest
General Joseph Hooker (blue), was a union general who resigned days before the battle. He came under scrutiny about his leadership skills. General Robert E Lee, (Left) was a general known for his tactical brilliance. Finally, General "Stonewall" Jackson was known for his defensive maneuvers. Sadly Jackson died before the battle. The city of Gettysburg was a quiet town with approx. 2,400 residents
Show no fear and charge them!
The battle began on July 1st, 1863. The south was unable to get much information about what was going on due to poor planning so the Union got the high ground. Many southern commanders wanted to take the defensive position but Lee said no. The Union was about to get on Cemetery ridge giving them the advanged. The Union's only goal was to keep the south from getting to Washington D.C
I fought for freedom
I fought for my home
On the second day, the South tried to break the Union's "fishhook". This was not favorable with other southern generals but they agreed. As they attacked the Union began to run out of ammo. Commander Chambers told his unit to "Fix their bayonets and charge!". This scared the Southern troops but also left Cemetery Ridge defenseless. Other Union generals had to rush their people up there.
—that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain—that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom—and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.
A unit of the Southern army decided to attack Cemetery ridge one more time. 15,000 Southern soldiers were killed while only 6,000 Union soldiers were killed. So many Southern soldiers died because they got scared when the Union shot at them. Their leader was George Pickett who was from Virginia
There were a total of 23,049 casualties in this battle. The battle was significant because it determined if the South's invasion of the North would be successful. It also reduced the armies quite a bit because of all the casualties. Gettysburg was a turning point because the South was so weak it could not fight much longer.
I fought for my family
Lincoln was the president at the time of war. He was asked to dedicate the Gettysburg National Cemetery. His speech was 273 words, and even though it was short it was one of the best speeches in history. They then buried 3,500 Union soldiers. Lincoln wanted to commemorate the soldiers and let them know that they will not be forgotton.