The Cuban Missile Crisis

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Abby Baker

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  • In the year 1959, Fidel Castro, angry with President Batista's tyrannical style of ruling, overthrew Batista and assumed power. This event kicked off the Cuban Missile Crisis.
  • Under Castro's leadership, Cuba started as a socialist government but began leading towards communism as they aligned with the USSR. As the alliance between Cuba and the Soviet Union formed, the US cut off all ties with Cuba.
  • To get back at Castro, President Kennedy plans to arm and train Cuban Nationalist Refugees to invade Cuba during the Bay of Pigs Invasion. The plan failed completely due to lack of support from the US Military and went down as a major embarrassment for the US and President Kennedy.
  • The US then placed an arms embargo on Cuba. As time went on, a missile gap was created. The United States had more access to missiles than the Soviets did. The US placed their missiles in Turkey and Italy giving them first strike advantage. Because of this, the Soviets placed missiles in Cuba without informing the United States. The US eventually found out about the missiles through photographs taken by spies but when they brought it up to the Soviets they denied it. 
  • The crisis was avoided when Khrushchev and Kennedy came to terms that the US would remove their missiles in Turkey and the Soviets would remove their missiles in Cuba. This agreement ended the Cuban Missile Crisis. 
  • If the crisis had not been averted it would’ve brought the world into its first nuclear war. This would not have been good for anyone and we would most likely be still dealing with the aftermath today.
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