The Nile River connects Upper and Lower Egypt. The river flows through rocky, hilly, land. This caused cataracts, or rapids to form. These cataracts made sailing much harder on the Nile River.
Yeah I feel bad for all of the farmers who live in the dry, lifeless land. Known as the Red Land
Thank goodness the Nile's flooding provided this farm land that is rich in silt. It's such dark soil no wonder they call it the black land.
If your farm was in the Delta in Lower Egypt you would need a good irrigation system, because the land is covered with swamps, and marshes.
Yes as Egypt's first Pharaoh I now rule Upper, and Lower Egypt. My white crown symbolizes Upper Egypt and my red crown symbolizes Lower Egypt.
I love your crown Menes.
The Pharaoh, Menes, was the start of the first dynasty, or a series of rulers from the same family. He built a new capital city called Memphis which was located at the Southern tip of the Nile Delta. The city bustled with artistic activity, and government.
Egypt's geography made it hard for enemies to invade Egypt. The desert to the west was too big and hard to cross. The Mediterranean sea in the North created a water barrier. In the East there was more desert and the Red Sea.