Qin Dynasty

Qin Dynasty

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  • After the fall of the Zhou Dynasty. China was in a bloody civil war with powerful states fighting with one another to claim power over the empire. One ruler will soon defeat his chiefs rivals and create a new dynasty. 
  • A ruler named Qin Shihuangdi declared the creation of a new dynasty called the Qin Dynasty. He was an ambitious person who came to the throne at age 13 in 246 B.C. In 221 BC., he defeated hes rivals and founded the new dynasty as him as the first emperor.
  • He expanded the Chinese empire to the south and built a system of roads throughout the entire empire. He created a single monetary system and reduced the power of the aristocrats by dividing their estates among the peasants.
  • Qin dramatically changed the political face of classical China. He adopted the ideas of Legalism as the official ideology  of the government. Legalism is a philosopher stated that all men are evil by nature and should be treated with laws and unusual punishments.
  • The Qin dynasty ruled a highly centralized states. The central bureaucracy was divided into three divisions: civil, military, and the censorates. The censorates are the ones who watch over government officials to make sure they were doing their jobs. They would report the emperor and he would have them be executed.
  • From the growing concerns of the normadic people known to the Chinese as the Xiongnu in the north, Qin Shihuangdi's answer to the problem was to strengthen the existing system of walls to link them together, called The Ten Thousand Wall Li (known as the Great Wall of China today), to protect his empire from any attacks.
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