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Sailing on a Merchant Ship
Visiting a Farm
Starting a Colony
Merchant ships carried large amounts of goods. The Greeks exported olive oil and pottery and exported grain, timber, and metal. Unfortunately, journeys were long and a one-way trip could take up to two months!
The land in Greece was mostly mountainous so farmers grew crops like grapes and built hillside orchards of fruit and nut trees, which needed less land. Greek farmers also raised sheep and goats.
The Greeks needed to establish colonies because they didn't have enough farmland to feed their population. The Greeks looked for a safe place with good farmland and natural harbors to establish their colony.
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