Sargon used military strategies, such as blocking a city from getting supplies, to add land to his empire, then used political strategies, such as replacing governors who didn't like him with his own men, to maintain his power. Sargon ruled for 50 years. Akkadians used the Sumerian's writing, irrigation, and Gods. The Akkadians had their own language, and carved statues. They fell due to too much land and invaders.
In the Babylonian Empire, many people had rights, including women and slaves. Babylonians had roads and postal service. They used agriculture and traded grain and cloth for wood, gold, silver, precious gems, and livestock found in areas around the Persian Gulf . The arts flourished.
I am Hammurabi, King of Babylonia.
Roads and postal service.
I conquered Sumer after the Akadian empire crumbled.
The warlike Assyrians lived north of Babylon and had a small empire before they were conquered by Hammurabi. After Babylon fell, the Assyrians created a huge empire. They expanded through war, and perfected the use of iron weapons and horses in war. They were known for their military might and cruelty. Religion was crucial, and the Assyrians built aqueducts, 2-d sculptures, and elaborate palaces. They lasted 300 years, used farming, and their greatest achievement was their army and battle strategies.
Law # 168: If a man wish to put his son out of his house, and declare before the judge: "I want to put my son out," then the judge shall examine into his reasons. If the son be guilty of no great fault, for which he can be rightfully put out, the father shall not put him out.
After the fall of Assyria, Babylon took over again. The most famous Neo-Babylonian king was King Nebuchadnezzar II. The Babylonians made the hanging gardens of Babylon. They conquered Syria and part of Canaan. They built a wall and dug a moat around the city of Babylon. They rebuilt their ziggurat, were skilled with math and astronomy, and lasted 75 years before being conquered by the Persians.
I'm King Nebuchadnezzer II.
I wrote Hammurabi's Code, which secured my power and prevented rebellion.
Hammurabi was the 2nd person that conquered Mesopotamia. He made Hammurabi's Code and was King of Babylonia. He made the postal service, established trade between areas, and his first 2 laws protected women. Hammurabi was very proud of his work.
My code also gave me authority and extreme power.
Hammurabi's Code was written by Hammurabi, and Hammurabi said the sun god told him to write it. Saying this gave Hammurabi extreme power and authority, and encouraged people to except his authority. Hammurabi's Code united Babylonia and was displayed in temples on 8 foot tall pillars. It covered many situations and applied to everyone. It was made in 1750 BCE and lasted until 1686 BCE, 3768 years ago. It was made up of common rules. The laws were strict and were modelled after the saying an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth.