In 1644, the Manchus overthrew the weak Ming Dynasty by seizing the capital. From there, they established a new dynasty: The Qing Dynasty.
The Qing Dynasty
The Qing army was divided into 8 banners or groups. Each had a different color. Not only were the soldiers divided into these groups, but all citizens were too. These groups organized the Qing army and people.
The people had different social statuses. For example, the emperor was the highest, then the nobility, and then the peasants.
Porcelain, painting, and literature became highly appreciated. The Qing emperors even gathered the largest collection of poetry at that time.
The Qing opened their ports to European countries. They traded crops, porcelain, and other goods.
Chinese peasants began to rebel against the Qing rule. This weakened the Qing Dynasty, allowing European countries to conquer parts of it. Finally, in 1911, the Qing Dynasty fell.