Due to heavy taxation by the British which was implemented as the result of the seven years’ war, Colonist resisted which resulted in the events of the Boston Massacre and the Boston Tea Party, which eventually lead to the start of the revolution for American Independence. As a result of these movements, more British troops were sent to the American colonies, further escalating the matter.
The War Continues
On April 151995, fires were exchanged between the British and the armed colonist militias. This event is remembered today as “The Battles of Lexington and Concord” which marks the War for American Independence. In the battle, the British were defeated and was attacked during their retreat to Boston. After this event, many battles followed. As time went on, militias were gathered to create the Continental Army.
Treaty of Paris
The Continental Congress agreed that the colonies were ready to be independent, but it had to be made official. The first draft of the Declaration of Independence was written by Thomas Jefferson. This made the war “official”. It was approved by Congress on July 4th, 1776.
Land of the Free
The British marched from their northern territories, and they were able to see many victories with very few. However, their advanced were captured. This was a key event, as it worked as one of the reasons for the French to join the war. In the fall of 1781, French and American forces led by George Washington and General Comte de Rochambeau, laid a siege on Yorktown. After few days, 9,000 British men surrender, making this the last major battle in the Revolutionary War.
The Americans and the British negotiated peace deals in Paris France from 1782 until September of 1783. The treaty recognized the “independence of the United States, with Mississippi River as its western boundary” (Morton). It was a crushing defeat for the British, marking the end of the First British Empire.
The American Constitution was drafted in 1787 and went into effect on March 4, 1789. George Washington, who commanded the army was elected by the Congress as the first president of the United States of America. He served from 1789 to 1796.