Rome is located in Italy, which includes a peninsula and islands in southern Europe. The Italian peninsula looks like a boot, stretching into the Mediterranean Sea with its toe pointing towards the island of Sicily.
Influence of Etruscan Sports on the Romans
The myth of Romulus and Remus is how Rome got its name. As the myth explains, long ago, a princess gave birth to twin sons, Romulus and Remus, whose father was Mars, the Roman god of war. The princess's uncle, who was the king at the time, ordered the boys to drown in the Tiber River out of fear they would take over the throne. As the legend goes, a wolf saved the young boys from drowning only to have Romulus kill his brother over an argument on who would rule the new settlement.
Greek Influence of Architecture on the Roman Civilization
The two most important engineering influences the Etruscans had on the Romans were the arches and the cuniculus. Over time, the Romans perfected the arch and built massive public works, like bridges, stadiums, and aqueducts. Cuniculus were long underground trenches connected by vertical shafts to the ground above, allowing the Romans to irrigate the land, drain swamps, and distribute water to the city.
Greek Influence of Writing, Art, and Religion on the Romans
Romans additionally adopted two bloody Etruscan sporting events. slave fighting and chariot racing. In slave fighting, two slaves of a deceased master would fight till the death, with swords and small shields, ultimately with the winner being executed as well. Romans also enjoyed Chariot Racing, where charioteers would risk their life racing four-horse teams. This fierce competition usually resulted in the death or injury of the driver.
The influence of Greek architecture can be seen in Roman buildings as well. The use of large columns added beauty to these buildings. The Romans eventually learned how to build using concrete and were able to make larger structures, such as the Pantheon and the Colosseum.
The Roman and Greek alphabets were very similar as they both wrote in all capital letters, and both cultures wrote important documents for all to see. Roman art was also highly influenced by the Greeks, with their life-like statues. The Romans adopted many Greek gods as their own; however, they would change their name to a Roman name. The Romans also incorporated many of the religious rituals into their culture.