The firing at Fort Sumter was the beginning of the American Civil War. The Confederate States army had bombarded it when the United States army was in there and the United States army had fought back for 34 hours before surrendering.
The Union had stoped the Confederacy from advancing on Maryland so the Confederacy couldn't get any military supplies they had there. It was fought on September 17, 1862 and the Union won it.
Battle of Gettysburg
The Union had defeated the Confederate in the town of Vicksburg. The Union troops outnumbered the Confederate troops 70,000 to 29,000 and to keep the Confederacy from fleeing they built a trench around the city so they couldn't leave and even the Confederacy had sent from backup at Vicksburg and they failed at entering through the east and the west.
Lee's Surrender at Appomattox Court House
It was a proclamation from President Abraham Lincoln that stated that the slaves from the South were now free and there were about 3.5 million African Americans. The proclamation was announced on January 1, 1863.
It was a Union victory that stopped General Robert E Lee's troops from invading the North and it had more than 50,000 casualties. It was a three day war and is know as the "bloodiest war and the turning point of the war." It lasted three days in July of 1863.
On April 9, 1865 the General of the Confederacy surrendered to the General of the Union his name was General Ulysses S. Grant. The Confederacy surrendered their army of Norther Virginia.