South Africa was created in 1910 from the union of two British and two Boer territories. It was a white-ruled nation with dominion status, Linked to Great Britain only in Foreign affairs. Internally, it ruled itself as it saw fit. In 1948 the National party-dominated by Afrikaans-speaking descendants of the original Dutch settlers- came to power.
I own South Africa, And everyone in it!
The government made it illegal for nonwhites to live or work in certain places, the best land was reserved for the whites only, and in public places like restaurants were segregated, or separated by race. The people did not like this law and wanted equal rights for whites and nonwhites
That's not fair!
The nonwhites shall not own this land!
The ANC organized marches, strikes, and other protests. The governments didn't like these protests and often reacted violently to stop them. In 1960, police shot and killed 69 people at a peaceful demonstration.
WE WANT RIGHTS!
Stop or there will be violence!
In 1976, many people no longer willing to wait for change. Over the next months outraged African's rioted all over the country.
The government began to retreat from its strict apartheid politics. Constitutional reforms gave some politic voice to "colored", or mixed race, and Asian South Africans. Then In 1989, F.W. de Klerk was elected president of South Africa. De Klerk lifted a 30-year ban on apartheid rallies and legalized the ANC and other banned organizations. He also ordered he release of Nelson Mandela.