The North had several advantages over life in the South. In the Northern States, there was a very industrial economy. There were cities and many people worked in factories. They had a lot of manufacturing power, food, supplies and people.
By Eli Caren
The North had extensive railroad systems, steamships, and a workforce that included women and children.
Factory workers were treated very poorly and tried to establish trade unions to get rights like safety, fair wages, and working hours. They often used a strike to get what they needed.
African Americans in the North might have been more free in the North than in the South, but they were still treated badly. They faced prejudice, discrimination, and they couldn't go to public school.