USHistory

USHistory
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  • A - Assassination
  • U - U-boat attacks
  • S - Sinking of Lusitania
  • The assassination that started WWI was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria who was the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne and his wife Sophie. He was killed on June 28, 1914 in Sarajevo by a bullet wound from Gavrilo Princip who was one of a group of six assassins. The reason for the assassination was to break off Austria-Hungary's South Slav provinces so they could be combined into a Yugoslavia. This event led directly to WWI.
  • T - Trench Warfare
  • U-boats were submarines from the German army that would sneak undetected by ships and attack them, then slip out unnoticed. They would go underwater and shoot a torpedo then it would escape the ares. The U-boats would attack just about any ships in the war zone even if they seemed innocent. They did this because they weren’t sure of any other way to combat the British naval fleet because their navy was one of the strongest in the world and they had just set up a naval blockade on Germany.
  • P - Paris Peace Conference
  • The sinking of the British ocean liner, Lusitania occurred on May 7, 1915, 11 miles off of Ireland. The German U-boat snuck up to the Lusitania and fired off a torpedo to sink it. Germany justified the attack by saying that the Lusitania was an enemy ship that was carrying munitions. Submarine warfare was very prominent in sea, while other tactics like trench warfare were prominent on land.
  • L - League of Nations
  • Trench warfare is a type of land warfare using fighting lines consisting of military trenches. It was usually used when the military was behind in firepower technology and as a defensive tactic. On the western front, both sides of the war used trench warfare, such as the US and Germany. The trenches were built from the North Sea and through Belgium and France. They were made by digging trenches about 7ft deep and 6ft wide. This continued on throughout just about the whole war.
  • The Paris Peace Conference was a conference that was held on January 18, 1919 in Paris and it marked the end of WWI. It was a meeting that was to set the peace terms for the central powers. It created the League of Nations and the Treaty of Versailles along with other peace treaties. The five major powers, France, Britain, Italy, Japan, and the United States were the major countries involved. It happened because the consequences for the Central Powers needed to be discussed. By setting a meeting, they were able to meet many times and discuss the peace negotiations for Germany and the others.
  • The League of Nations was an organization that was proposed during the Paris Peace Conference and was an intergovernmental organization that was created by the signing of the Treaty of Versailles that created the Covenant of the New League of Nations. It was created to help solve disputes between countries before their actions burst into warfare in hopes to stop another world war. The LN consisted of France, the UK, Italy, and Japan as the permanent members to the council as well as other countries such as Canada and China.
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