Transcendentalism was a very influential period of literature. Works from Thoreau and Emerson influenced people to join the abolition movement because they stressed the importance of thinking for yourself and rebelling against policies that you believe are unjust.
Let's rebel against the government!
Stop paying taxes so you stop supporting a corrupt government! You're not a true abolitionist until you do!
Henry David Thoreau: His works such as Civil Disobedience influenced people to withdraw their support from a government whose policies are immoral or unjust. This was especially important during this time because of slavery.
Don't conform in the face of social pressures!
Ralph Waldo Emerson: His works like Self Reliance preach the importance of individualism. He urges originality instead of imitation. He wants people to start thinking for themselves.
Before education reforms, there were very few public schools. They were mostly all taught my men and they were untrained.
2 + 2 is... 5?
Free education for all!
Horace Mann completely reformed education. He was a representative in the house, so he used his political power for education reform. He advocated for free, public education for all children and to hire professional teachers.
It was so important to have an educated country because they would be able to vote. You want the people in your country to make educated, conscientious decisions when voting, and be aware of the political scene.