Representing the Exposition, Fortunato and Montresor meet, where Montresor requests Fortunado to taste a wine he had supposedly recently bought to see if he got ripped off by the seller.
Here, in the catacombs, the setting is placed. Fortunado and Montresor look like they're acting like friends. Fortunado has a cough, and while Montesor suggests he save his health and leave, he still insists on going in, creating a fake sense of trust.
Arriving to the rising action of the story, the men keep going deeper, Fortunado coughing, still, while he again, insists to go on. At this point, Fortunado is drunk from drinking along the way.
Now, climax. Montresor throws Fortunado into a small pit, and locks him down in chains, while Fortunado is still drunk and disoriented. Montresor uncovers a pile of bricks an mortar, and with Fortunado still dazed, he begins to build a wall in the opening.
In the falling action, Fortunado is beginning to get hold of the situation. He starts to yell and cry for help, and mocking him, Montresor yells back louder than Fortunado, knowing that both of their screams would be lost in the tunnels of the catacombs. Eventually, Fortunado stops yelling. A short time after, Fortunado tries to act like it's all a joke and laughs about it. Montresor finishes the wall, leaving Fortunado trapped.
In the final scene, the resolution, the wall is finished, Fortunado is trapped, and Montresor leaves. It is said that the wall is not touched for hundreds of years after.