Geography and settlement of Ancient Rome

Geography and settlement of Ancient Rome

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  • Geography and location of Rome
  • Ancient Rome was located by the Tiber River. It was located within a Peninsula and was built on seven hills. The reason Rome as founded was because of the Latins who were the first people to live there, after it was built it went from a small village of tiny huts to a huge metropolis. 
  • Myth of Romulus and Remus
  • The story goes that Romulus and Remus were the sons of a banished princess that was sent to the temple of the god of war. After the king who had banished her heard about these two children he sent men to kill the two twin boys. However the two boys survived because a wolf saved them before they drowned and raised them as the Wolf's own. after that they were rescued by a man who had lived in a village nearby and the two grew up to help many people. later they found out what happened to their mother and hatched a plan to break into the temple and rescue their mother. They succeeded and wanted to celebrate by creating a great city but the two broke into an argument of what it would be called and it ended with Romulus killing his brother and naming the city Rome
  • The Etruscan Influence of Engineering on the Romans
  • Two important Etruscan structure that the Romans adapted were the arch and the cuniculus. Arches were structures that rested on two pillars and was supported by two pillars and had a keystone in the middle to center everything out. The other type of structure (the cuniculus) was a large underground trench that was used to irrigate land and drain swamps.
  • The Etruscan Influence of Sports on the Romans
  • The Romans adopted two major and bloody sports known as slave fighting and chariot races. The first sport, slave fighting, is horrible and consists of two slaves of a dead master fought to the death at the owner's funeral and the one who survived, was shortly after that, executed. The second sport (chariot racing) doesn't sound like a bloody sport at first but it really is as it consists of slaves racing in chariots and will attempt to throw the other off his own chariot, most of these games end in death and/or injury.
  • The Greek Influence of Architecture on Roman Civilization
  • Roman structures were heavily influenced by the Greeks and you can see it very well as most of their buildings you can see the use of columns. However, the Romans used a different material to build their buildings known as concrete. You can also see how much the Roman building "The Pantheon" is similar to the Parthenon (if it already didn't give it away by how similar the names are).
  • The Greek Influence of writing, art, and religion on the Romans
  • The influence of writing is very similar and was adopted by The Roams from the Greeks. As for Roman religion, it is a blend of many different cultures and had adopted a LOT of Greek gods and just generally changed their names (to planets of all things). Lastly Roman art was influenced by Greek pottery and was admired by both the Etruscans and the Romans and since the Romans abopted souch a similar style to the Greeks they called it Greco-Roman art.
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