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Why is that moth green and why don't we ever see any black moths?
We don't have as many black moths because the green moths used camouflage to blend in with the leaves. Camouflage is an adaptation meaning they adapted to it.
What is camouflage and why do they use it?
Why would any organism want to blend in with their surroundings?!
Organisms use camouflage to hide from predators!
Camouflage is when an organism or item disguises themselves as their surroundings.
So what your saying is that the green moths live longer because they could blend in with surroundings?
Exactly! Over time the moths offspring are green & majority of moths are too due to variations.
Variations is the difference of DNA among individuals.
Their is something called survival of the fittest and it means the best adjusted to the environment is the most successful of living
Wait but it still doesn't make sense, why would blending in with your surroundings effect your life span
With survival of the fittest the moths blend in so predators cannot see them as well resulting as them not getting eaten.
Oh so the moths that blend in with their surroundings live longer.
And Natural selection is when organisms that are better adapted to their environment live longer. Darwin came up with natural selection.
So natural selection also effects the moths!