Jefferson was a firm believer that state and individual rights should be maintained. Repeatedly reducing the size of Federal Government, he exemplified his belief in state and individual rights. Jefferson eradicated property ownership as a qualification to vote, allowing for more common citizens to vote.
As Jefferson was president, he viewed the Constitution as a "strict constitution" meaning he believed and lead his duties based off the actual meaning of the document. He was against the idea of implied powers. He purchased the Louisiana territory in 1803, proving his viewpoint controversial.
Lewis and Clark
Although the Louisiana Purchase was controversial, Jefferson signed off on it with the french in 1803. As Napoleon sought war in Europe, he no longer saw a need for the territory and sold it off to help fund the war. Jefferson quickly jumped at an offer including New Orleans. The whole thing was bought for $15 million,.
Embargo Act of 1807
After John Adams downfall as president, a new election was at stake. Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr tied for first place with 73 electoral votes each. After a long debate, the House of Representatives chose Jefferson to serve as the third President of the United States and appointed Burr as V.P. The election of Thomas Jefferson in 1800 was a landmark of world history as it was the first peacetime transfer of power from one party to another in a modern republic.
After the Louisiana Purchase, Jefferson appointed Lewis and Clark to explore and map out the new territory. They encountered Native American Tribes and other hardships on their expedition.
Both Britain and France began to harass trade with America. In response, Thomas Jefferson passed the Embargo Act of 1807, cutting off all trade with Europe. This led to an extreme decline in the economy. Exports crashed from $108 million to $22 million by the time he left office in 1809. The embargo also led to the War of 1812 with Great Britain after Jefferson left office.