Parliament petitioned to limit Charles I's power. Charles I's believed in the Divine Right of Kings, which caused a huge disagreement between him and Parliament.
Do you believe in the Divine Right of Kings?
Charles I signed a petition that limited his power, but then ignored it. In 1642, a civil war started between the Calaviers and Roundheads.
Oliver Cromwell, the leader of Parliament's army, set up a military dictatorship. Cromwell ruled until his death in 1658.
After Cromwell's death, his army restores England's monarchy. Charles I's son, Charles II is made king in 1660. He did not believe in the Divine Right of Kings like his father.
Parliament became worried in 1685 when James II, who was openly catholic, became king. William of Orange, the ruler of the Netherlands, was encouraged to take over. Him and his wife accepted the offer in 1689.
Constitutional monarchy began due to the Bill of Rights. Parliament and the monarchy ruled together.