John Adams lost the 1800 presidential elections. He was part of the Federalist Party
Thomas Jefferson was elected President in 1800. Democratic-Republican Party
John Adams' Judiciary Act of 1801 gave Adams the power to make hundreds of appointments to the courts.
John Marshall was appointed Chief Justice by Adams after Chief Justice Ellsworth resigned.
John, you need to speed up and process these commissions, before Jefferson takes over the office of President.
Jefferson took office on March 4 and told Madison to hold the commissions that had not been processed. One of these commissions was for Marbury.
I am working as quickly as I can. Don't forget I have only two hands!
I can not believe Jefferson is holding my commission to be a judge! Based on the Judiciary Act of 1789, I need the Supreme Court to issue a writ of mandala. I have a right to my commission of judge because it was already created by Adams.
Sorry Marbury, but I have to turn down your request. The 1789 law passed by the Congress was unconstitutional. The Supreme Court can not help you to get your commission as a judge.
Judicial review was created as a result of the Marbury vs. Madison case. This gave the Supreme Court power to be the final judge of whether a law was constitutional. Judicial Review is important because it allows laws that are inconsistent with the Constitution to be revised or removed without a full act of the legislature.