There was a increase in factories which caused problems like bad working conditions, low wages, and child labor. In result multiple revolutionary movements started all competing for power. A group who followed Karl Marx beliefs won power, they wanted to rule the country. This group separated into two groups one was led by Lenin a organized and ruthless leader.
Japan and Russia signed agreement sharing territory within Korea and Manchuria. Russia broke the agreements which caused Japan to retaliate and attacking the Russians at Port Arthur in Manchuria. Russia was taking losses and the people back at home heard causing a revolt in the middle of the war.
On January 22, 1905, 200,000 workers went to protest for better working conditions, more personal freedom, and an elected national legislature. The British soldiers were ordered to open fire on the civilians. This caused a wave of strikes and violence which led Nicholas II to give them more freedom.
Lenin was a part of Bolshiveks who were a radical right socialist party, who rioted. They over through the Russian Empire they participated in strikes who contained people who were poor. After over throwing the Empire they put Lenin in charge.
Riots broke out across the Russian empire between the red army the Bolshiveks and the white army, the loyalists to the Russian Empire.
The USSR was created after the civil war. Lenin was put as leader of the USSR and started a socialist type government created reforms that made a socialist party where everything was collective.