In 1970, a single, pregnant woman by the name Jane Roe (not her real name), requested an abortion in the state of Texas.
However, in the state of Texas it was a felony to abort the fetus unless the pregnant woman's life is at risk.
Roe filed to sue Wade, the district attorney of Dallas County, in 1971 to challenge the Texas abortion law and for violation of the Fourteenth Amendment.
The case questioned if the Constitution embraces the women's right to terminate her pregnancy by abortion?
After being granted certiorari, in 1972, the Court listened to two different arguments. The first time from Sarah Weddington, Roe's attorney and her opponent, Jay Floyd. The second time her opponent was Robert Flowers.
It ended in 1973 with a 7-2 decision in favor of Roe. The Court felt the right to an abortion fell under the protection of the Fourteenth Amendment. The case led to the decision to let women have total control during the first trimester of pregnancy.