Siddhartha Gautama was born a prince in Nepal in 563 B.C. His father was told by a fortune teller that his son would either become a king that would unite India or a spiritual leader. Obviously, he wanted his son to be a king.
I wonder how he stays so calm . . .
Since Siddhartha's father did not want his son to be a spiritual leader, he would never allow his son to see anyone in pain or suffering. Also, the prince was born living a life of wealth and luxury, so that he would not be sad.
They're probably ascetics . . .
One day, when Siddhartha rode in a chariot, he saw the Four Passing Sights. These people were an old man, a man shrunken by disease, a man who had died, and a family who was crying. The prince was shocked and horrified, and then he realized that may happen to him as well.
But that day, he also saw a calm, holy man who had no valuables with him. The prince wanted to find the same serenity, or calmness, as the holy man.
So on that night, he secretly left the palace and went out to the forest in a phase of self-denial. The prince joined a group of ascetics to search for the truth about life, suffering, and death. He had very little food every day and eventually fainted. When he woke up, he discovered that this was not the right path to search for the truth, so he left the group of ascetics.
Siddhartha then sat down under a fig tree to meditate for 49 days. Legend has it that the god Mara tried to tempt him with valuable items. When this failed, however, the god attacked him with rains and showers of rocks. Eventually, he reached enlightenment and was known as the Buddha. But instead of reaching nirvana, he chose to teach others how he was enlightened.