The main cause of the Civil War was Slavery because the North and South could not agree whether or not to get rid of it. The south wanted to keep it because it had always been apart of their society and the north longed to abolish it because of the negative effects it brought upon the country.
The Battle of Gettysburg
The Confederate army led by Lee made an aggressive push into the Border states to try to defeat them with a surprise attack. Le's army met General George McClellan's troops at the Battle of Antietam. This battle resulted in 23,000 casualties and was the bloodiest single battle of the entire war.
Events that Ended the War
Following up the win of the Battle of Antietam, Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation. Which freed all slaves in the confederacy, it was only limited to the secessionist states, but still had a large political impact because it tied the issue of slavery into the restoration of the Union.
Overview of the Goals of Reconstruction
Even after his failed win at the Battle of Antietam, Lee once again marched into Northern territory into Pennsylvania in the summer of 1863. Lee's army met the Union in July in Gettysburg where they had a bloody three day battle. The battle took the most casualties and more than 50,000 died. Lee once again had to retreat and the North won.
The main event that ended the Cvil War was when Confederate General Edmund Kirby Smith, who was commander of Confederate forces stationed west of the Mississippi, signed the surrender terms of the Union. After Smith surrendered, the last Confederate army ceased to exist. After four long, bloody years, the Confederacy was defeated.
The plan of reconstruction was to help the South become part of the Union again. Lincoln's plan required that states being admitted into the Union had to make slavery illegal according to the constitution. The main goal of reconstruction was to help join states back into the Union and abolish slavery for good.