The black, faded box symbolized death and fear to all of the villagers. The hush of all the villagers symbolized respect for the man of authority. The old, falling apart, box symbolized the old "traditional" ways of the village, and it's people.
Everyone was jittery for the "Lottery" to begin, but first the children assembled first. Before the box got to the square, the children broke out into boisterous play. Since school just got out for the summer, the children were very happy and excited. "Bobby Martin had already stuffed his pockets full of stones, and soon after the other boys did the same, only picking the smoothest and roundest stones."
Buzz Word: "Who has it?", "It's not fair". The irony is that you don't know who has "it" and you don't know what the "Lottery" is until the last few pages of the story. Conflict: Tessie can't believe she had the black spot.