Victim enters the carriage and stands next to the handrail while the model sat in the same area of the carriage
The Critical Area
The model either sat still or offered to help the victim after a period of time. This means that the time it took for assistance to arrive also varied as the model did not always offer help.
After the first stop, the victim stumbled forward and collapsed on the floor of the critical area. He collapsed until assistance came.
2 female students/observer sat in the adjacent seating area to observe and record what passengers did. They recorded how many people were in both the critical and adjacent areas, their race, sex, who helped and how long it took them to offer assistance.
The state of the victim also varied. he was either sober and carrying a cane or appeared drunk and carrying a bottle wrapped in a brown paper bag. They also varied as to whether they were white or black.
They found that men were more likely to be the first ones to help the victim. race also seemed to have an effect when it came to whether the victim was drunk. There was a tendency for the same race to help the drunk victim