About 2 million years ago, there was people who were struggling to live and finding anything they can to eat. They were Nomads since there would be no animals left to hunt. Kids and fathers never saw each other since the father is always hunting. They mostly took shelter in caves they found, so basically life during the Paleolithic Age was difficult.
Permanent Shelters and Communities
Then a revolution was made that changed their way of living. They had just discovered a new way to gather food. Instead of them moving around all the time, they now can stay in one place without being worried about food. They discovered how to grow crops and the domestication of animals also known as agriculture.
Where did my ax go?
I don't know. When you find it, come help me fix this house.
Ever since the domestication of animals and the harvest of crops, they had surplus of foods! And by having that much food, the population grew very quickly. The population quickly grew from 2 million to over 90 million on the Earth! Before this revolution many people had died mostly because of not having enough food.
THE BEGINNING OF TRADING
Hey, did you know?...
A big change they had were permanent shelters. They only had temporary shelters since they were moving around all the time. With all of the food they had, they could finally settle. Plus living in communities makes it easier to divide work of harvesting food and other important things. Larger communities could protect themselves from dangers.
Nice and Warm!
During this time they had lots of food and since there was so much food, not everyone had to become a farmer. They had more time to do different jobs so they did jobs like decorating pottery and also learned how to polish stone. Those different jobs made the community and their way of doing things better.
Okay bye! I'll just stay here and weave some more baskets
See you tonight, I'm off to sell some more pots!
Now with communities and roles settling, people were out trading things people didn't have in other villages. They mostly traded stuff like animals, plants and other stuff they found near by. With trading becoming a very common thing, people would ride on donkeys and walk for miles for those things. But trade really benefited them because the more people who were trading, the more it brought them to spread different knowledge to people from other villages.