Hi, Mr. Jones! My name is Amber and I am your nurse today. I have a medication for you called Furosemide. Have you ever taken this before?
No I haven't. What is that for?
This medication is used to reduce the swelling in your legs that comes from your heart failure. It does this by working on a part of your kidneys to pull fluid off of your body. This may cause you to have to urinate more frequently after taking it.
That's a great question. It may cause dizziness, ringing in your ears, nausea, and constipation. It may also cause your potassium level to be low, but we will monitor it.
Okay, that makes sense! Are there any other side effects I should expect?
You might also have a higher risk for low blood pressure if you take other blood pressure lowering medications. Also be sure to increase the amount of potassium containing foods in your diet, such as spinach and bananas.
You are welcome! Please let me know if you have any other questions or concerns!
Okay great! Thank you for explaining that before I take this medication!
As a nurse, it is important to assess your patient's knowledge of medications prior to adminstration.
Furosemide is a loop diuretic that is used to reduce peripheral edema associated with heart failure. It acts on the loop of Henle to block chloride and sodium resorption, resulting in diuresis (Lilley, Collins, & Snyder, 2017).
The nurse should monitor potassium levels before and after administration, monitor intake and output, and continue to monitor blood pressure for hypotension (Lilley et al., 2017).