The Battles of Lexington and Concord started of the American Revolutionary war on April 18, 1775. The British Army set out from Boston to capture rebel leaders in Lexington as well as to destroy the American store of weapons and ammunition in Concord. Colonists were warned of the British Army approaching. Rebel leaders escaped and the local militia hid much of their ammunition and weapons.
The Battle of Bunker Hill took place on June 17, 1775, just a few months after the start of the American Revolutionary War. Boston was being besieged by thousands of American militia. The British were trying to keep control of the city and its valuable seaport. They decided to take two hills, Bunker Hill and Breed's Hill, in order to gain a tactical advantage. The American forces heard about it and went to defend the hills.
The Battle of Trenton took place on December 26, 1776. When George Washington and the army arrived in Trenton, the Hessians (German soldiers hired by British) were not prepared for such an attack force. They soon surrendered, casualties were low on both sides with Hessians suffering 22 deaths and 83 injuries and the Americans two deaths and five injuries. The Americans captured around 1000 Hessians.
The Battle of Saratoga took place on September 19, 1777. These were a series of battles that culminated in the Battle of Saratoga and the surrender of British General John Burgoyne. This decisive victory by the Americans was a turning point of the Revolutionary War. The Americans morale was boosted and the country now felt it could win the war. The French supported the Americans with military aid.
The Battle of Cowpens was on January 17, 1781. It was the turning point of the Revolutionary War. After losing several battles, the Americans defeated the British in a decisive victory at Cowpens. The victory forced the British army to retreat and gave the Americans confidence that they could win the war.
The Battle of Yorktown was on October 9, 1781 and it was the last great battle of the American Revolutionary War. It was where the British Army surrendered and began to consider a peace treaty. Around 8,000 British troops surrendered in Yorktown. Losing this battle made them start to think about peace and that it wasn't worth the cost of the war to keep the colonies. This opened the door for the Treaty of Paris.