In August 27, 1776, William Howe's British troops tried to capture New York City and the Hudson River in order to divide the colonies. However, the Americans led by George Washington fled by distracting the British with false fires.
Winter at Valley Forge
William Howe, a Hessian, and an Irish soldier.
Thanks for the supplies Martha!
On the left, the 1400 exhausted Hessians led by Colonel Johanns were sneak attacked by George Washington and his 2400 men as they rested. On the right, Charles Mawhood and his men were marching to New York when they were surprised by George Washington's army, who had arms, prisoners, and supplies. Washington proved he could unite the colonies to fight as one.
The Southern Campaign Cowpens and Guilford Courthouse
The Battle of Guilford Courthouse is displayed, where Cornwallis attempted to gain allies, and Greene weakened them enough to force the surrender at Yorktown.
The Battle of Saratoga was crucial because the French saw the American victory and decided to ally with America. Without the French alliance, the Americans would have lost the Revolutionary War. The Americans also received a rush of hope for their win of the Revolution due to the surrender of General Burgoyne.
The Battle of Yorktown
No problem! Don't forget your smallpox vaccine!
The winter at Valley Forge was treacherous, yet beneficial. Figures like Martha Washington kept the American troops alive by handing out supplies. George Washington and Thomas Paine's The Crisis helped motivate the soldiers into fighting, while Baron von Steuben taught the soldiers bayonet tactics and trained them. However, smallpox filled the land, and the troops were given the vaccine that worked.
Hey, The Crisis is pretty good! I should re-enlist!
Love your men, and they'll love you back!
On the left, the Battle of Cowpens is displayed, where the British attempted to gain land and support from American loyalists in the Southern colonies. However, the Americans had a better understanding of the reverse slope, leading Lieutenant Colonel Banstre Tarleton to a pyrrhic victory against Nathanael Greene.
George Washington and Combe de Grasse were poised to attack on land, and Rochambeau blocked the British from escaping through the harbor. As Cornwallis surrendered, "A World Turned Upside Down" was sung and played.