Odysseus is at home with his wife and new born son at their kingdom in Ithica.
the hero receives a invitation, challenging all heros to come fight at the battle of troy.
departure/ cross threshold
considering the circumstances of his new born son telemachus, leaving home for the long journey to troy and back is the last thing odysseus wants to do, so he prepares a refusal.
test allies/ enemies / tests
As odysseus is writing his refusal, athena who is his mentor has a chat with him. she tells him all the lives he will save if he helps in battle and reminds him how he is a hero she also lets him know she will be there to help him throughout his journey
After the war is when the adventure starts and the gods punish him which prolonged his journey and made him travel to far unknown lands.
the tests from the gods came in threes they had to refuse the lotus eaters, escape polyphemus, and leave circe.