Hernan Cortes was chosen by the governor of Cuba to lead an expedition to South America. He set sail in 1915 to South America, but he thought he was travelling to Japan.
Hernan Cortes landed at the Eastern coast of Mexico. Cortes and his accompanies had heard tales of the powerful Aztec King called Montezuma.
Montezuma was unsure of how to deal with Hernan Cortes. He wasn't sure if the Spaniard's were men or Gods.
Montezuma sent splendid gifts to Hernan Cortes. Some of these gifts included gold trinkets in the shape of various animals, a snakes head made of gold with eyes inlaid with precious stones, and two huge discs as big as cartwheels.
Montezuma sent a letter to tell the Spaniard's that it would be impossible to see him. So he tried to dissuade them from coming to the Capital.
Cortes interpreted Montezuma's gifts as signs of weakness, or an attempt to bribe the Spanish. So Cortes, in return, sent small gifts such as glass ornaments, bracelets, and an embroidered cap to insult Montezuma.