Baby Siddhartha was born in modern day Nepal in the fifth or sixth century B.C His father was the leader of a large clan, the Shakya.
When he was a few years old a holy man was said to prophesier over the young prince. Nine Brahman men made the prophecy,
Siddhartha was said to be either a great ruler or spiritual leader and his father chose the leader. His father shielded him from human suffering and pain and rose him with great luxury. He then married his cousin at age 16.
The prince reached age 29 with little experience of the outside world . One day he asked a charioteer to take him outside the royal city limits. On his ride he saw an old man, a sick man and a corpse, he was shocked.He then saw a wondering ascetic, the chariotter explained that the ascetic wanted to be free from the death and suffering of this world. The events became known as the four passing sights.
For a period of time the prince returned to the palace but was not pleased. Even news of his wife giving birth did not please him. One night the prince wandered the palace, he was sick of the royalties that once pleased him. He decided to leave the palace, he shaved his head, put on beggars clothes, and began his quest for enlighgtenment.
He started out his journey by seeking out renowned teachers. He learned many tactics like meditation from those teachers. Then him and five disciples left to find enlightenment for themselves. The six companions attached themselves to pain and suffering, they starved themselves and used other tactics. Siddhartha was unsatisfied. He then considered a middle way between self-mortification and royalties. He needed strength and accepted a bowl of rice, his companions left him.
Siddhartha sat underneath a sacred Fig tree, and there he settled into meditation. The demon of Siddhartha's mind came to battle him and brought vast armies to attack him. Siddhartha sat still to the armies and Mara's daughter who tried to seduce Siddhartha. Then Mara claimed the seat of enlightenment belonged to him but, Siddhartha took his right hand touched the Earth and the Earth roared. This is when Siddhartha realized Enlightenment. As the morning sky rose he became Buddha.