Jacob Marley's ghost shows up at Scrooge's house. Scrooge is questioning about the ghost being real or fake. Marley explains that he is there to help Scrooge have a good afterlife. Marley tells Scrooge that because of his mistakes in life he has to wear that chain in the afterlife. The chain symbolizes Marley getting held back from going to heaven.
"I wear the chain I forged in life . . . I made it link by link, and yard by yard; I girded it of my own free will, and of my own free will I wore it."
The Ghost of Christmas past brings Scrooge to a scene in his past. Young Scrooge is alone at his school house at Christmastime. Then his sister runs in to bring him home. Fran helping Scrooge makes him regret not helping his sister with her son. This supports the theme of the importance of our past because he starts to regret things he has done and that is very important to Scrooge changing.
I wish I helped take care of my nephew after Fran died.
The Ghost of Christmas past shows Scrooge his old girl friend as a older women. He starts to feel regret for leaving her. This is a conflict for Scrooge because he wishes that he had a big happy family.
This indirectly shows that scrooge is cold, mean and does not like Christmas. He yells at the boy scaring him and makes him run away. Even though the boy is trying to spread Christmas cheer he still scares him away showing that Scrooge does not like Christmas
Leave me now!
AH! AH! AH!
The Ghost of Christmas present symbolizes Santa. He is merry and jolly just like Santa. He shows the happiness and joy of the Holidays. Also the Ghost looks like Santa with his white beard and big coat.
Scrooge only giving his clerk a candle and keeping his eye on the clerk indirectly shows that Scrooge is mean and not trusting of his clerk. Their office is freezing cold and Scrooge only lets him have a candle to warm himself. Also, Scrooge is not trusting. Even though it is Christmas Eve he watches the clerks every move to make sure he does his work.