Sure sweetie, one of the most common ones is the Toulmin Model
Hey Mom, I was thinking about becoming an attorney, can you go over argument format?
In a case you assert whether or not someone is guilty, that is your 'claim'
The Toulmin model consists of 6 parts: the evidence, claim, rebuttal, warrant, backing, and qualifier
Now you need evidence to support your claim in both cases
However, there always has to be support to obtain a warrant from the courts and similarly called 'backing'
Now most of the time there is a connection between the claim and evidence, this is called a 'warrant.' In order to remember this you can think of needing to obtain a warrant in order to gain evidence
Now in theory, a trial would be the result of all these procedures
Well no, there are many more was in which the law checks these to make sure these ones are valid
Which kind of bring me to my next point, rebuttal
So these are all the pretrial steps?
Like when an attorney is doing their rebuttal they ask questions to counter or destroy their opposition's claim
Then, if the argument is valid, it is deemed successful or not
Rebuttal is the potential objects to a claim
Yes, however there are limitations that the claim could be based on the cirumstances called 'qualifiers'
It's like if someone committed a theft and you tried to charge them for murder
Certain qualities make someone applicable to specific accusations