Muslims made some of their most important contributions in the fiel of medicine. They learned a great deal from the work of ancient Greeks, Mesoptamians, and Egyptians.
Muslim doctors made many discoveries and helped spread medical knowledge. Such as, al-Razi, a Persian doctor, who had realized infections had been caused by bacteria. His work had helped other doctors diagnose and treat deadly diseases. The Persian philosopher known as Ibn Sina, was a doctor too! His most important medical work, called "The Canon of Medicine" explored the treatments of diseases. Europeans had soon translated Ibn Sina's book and other Muslim works into Latin.
Muslim doctos established the world's first hospitals, as you can see here. By the 10th century, Baghdad had at least five hospitals. Most hospitals had served teaching centers for doctors in training. Anyone who needed treatment could get it, because the government paid all medical expenses.
Muslim hospitals had separate wards for women and men, surgical patients, and people with diseases that others could get. Doctors treated ailments through drugs, diet, and exercise. They gave patients remedies made from herbs, plants, animals, and minerals. Pharmacists made many medications. Some drugs had stopped patients' pain.
Here take this pill.
Surgeons performed delicate operations as a last resort. Drugs known as opium and hemlock had put patients to sleep before operations. Muslim surgeons cut off limbs, took out tumors, and removed cloudy spots from the patients' eye. After surgery, doctors used animal gut to stitch up wounds.
Now that i've put you to sleep, I will now remove the cloudy spots from your eyes.