Today, I will be teaching the 5 defense mechanisms from Sigmund Freud, and how these different mechanisms play a part in our daily lives
Repression is an unconscious defense mechanism employed by the ego to keep disturbing or threatening thoughts from becoming conscious. Moreover, the girl that is shown in this room is showing repression by holding unwanted thoughts in without telling anyone about it, and pretends to be okay when she really isn't.
Displacement is the redirection of an impulse (usually aggression) onto a powerless substitute target. The target can be a person or an object that can serve as a symbolic substitute. In this image above, a boy is shown where he breaks his computer because he is upset that he wasn't chosen to be captain of his team, and he felt that the choosing was unfair.
Sublimation is similar to displacement, but takes place when we manage to displace our unacceptable emotions into behaviors which are constructive and socially acceptable, rather than destructive activities. In this picture, the boy is shooting tennis balls in order to help with his anger without causing a total distruction like the last scene where the boy broke his computer in order to let out his anger.
Denial is a defense mechanism proposed which involves a refusal to accept reality, thus blocking external events from awareness. Moreover, in this image above , it shows how the girl uses alcohol in order to escape the thought of knowing that her dad died, and refuses to accept reality of coping with her emotions during this emotional time for her.
Regression is a defense mechanism proposed by Anna Freud whereby the the ego reverts to an earlier stage of development usually in response to stressful situations. Therefore in this situation, elementary kids (boys and girls) are both shown, and are asked to work together. Immediately, the girls choose to work with girls, and the boys choose to work with boys. This shows how in order to avoid a stressful/ awkward situation, the same genders work with eachother.