Unrest in Scotland - because Charles attempted to force a new prayer book on the country - put an end to his personal rule. He was forced to call parliament to obtain funds to fight the Scots. In November 1641, tensions were raised even further with disagreements over who should command an army to suppress an uprising in Ireland. Charles attempted to have five members of parliament arrested and in August 1642, raised the royal standard at Nottingham. Civil war began.
Restoration of Monarchy under Charles II
Charles I was the first of our monarchs to be put on trial for treason and it led to his execution. Charles was put on trial in London on January 1st 1649. He was accused of being a "tyrant, traitor and murderer; and a public and implacable enemy to the Commonwealth of England."His date of execution was set for January 30th 1649.
Rule of James II
Cromwell abolished the house of Lords and ran England as a common wealth
Many of the English people were tired of the Puritan control so the Parliament restored the monarchy by summoning Charles II from exile to rule
James is best known for his struggles with the English Parliament and his attempts to create religious liberty for English Roman Catholics and Protestant nonconformists, against the wishes of the Anglican establishment.
The Glorious Revolution was when William of Orange took the English throne from James II in 1688. The event brought a permanent realignment of power within the English constitution.