The tone of the poem, “Mother to Son” is sorrowful. The mom is trying to inspire her son. She wants to inspire him so he won’t give up. SHe also doesn’t want him to grow up the way she grew up.
the author uses words such as climbin and turnin. He also uses negative words such as dark, splinters, and fall. He uses these words because it shows the way that blacks talked, this shows this was a conversation between them a conversation between two blacks.
Langston Hughes uses words and phrases such as, "...and boards torn up." He also uses words and phrases such as, "and places with no carpet on the floor." This shows how you can see how life for the mom wasn't the best.
Langston Hughes uses the poem as an allegory. He uses the mom to compare a stair case to life. When the text says, "life aint been no crystal stair." this shows how the crystal stair represents a good life and when he writes, "it had tacks in it and splinters." That shows that life wasn't perfect.
the theme of the poem is, "don't take what you have for granted." The author uses this theme to show that although life can sometimes get hard, don't let go because things will always get better if you keep trying.