The Formation of the National Constitute Assembly

The Formation of the National Constitute Assembly

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  • Peasants & Bourgeoisie
  • I am tired of paying these taxes especially since we have no power as the Third Estate. We must REBEL!
  • WE AGREE!!!!
  • We benefit and enjoy ourselves as Nobles and Clergy, and don't have to pay taxes, we can't let this policy change!
  • Of Course.
  • YES!
  • Nobles and Clergy
  • One Vote Per ESTATE!
  • One Vote Per ESTATE!
  • Estates General Meeting
  • One Vote Per PERSON!
  • We meet here today to discuss the new tax system. We all know that the French government is bankrupt especially since we spent so much money fighting costly wars. 
  •  The Third Estate consisted  of 98% of the population  and payed feudal dues and taxes and did most of the work of the country. Poor harvest in the years 1787-1789 meant peasants and farmers having a smaller income, and the nobility, the clergy, and King Louis lived in luxury by collecting an avalanche of taxes. They wanted a solution!
  • The Tennis Court Oath
  • We the National Assembly will keep on meeting until we establish a "just constitution!"
  • The second and first estate had many privileges, they collected huge amounts of taxes and their sons could inherit positions in military and government places.  "The nobles and clergy hoped they would control the affairs to continue their privileged lifestyles." They didn't want the King to change these policies and always benefited from taxes.
  • The Fall of The Bastille
  • We want the weapons that you are hiding in the Bastille!
  •    King Louis XVI called a meeting to discuss the problems of the Estates, and French financial problems of bankruptcy. The Estates General was the gathering of the three estates, the first estate of the clergy, the second estate of the nobles, and the third estate consisting of everyone else. Each estate held 1 vote, which meant the Third Estate would be outvoted, so they pushed for 1 vote per person.
  • Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen
  • I proclaim to you the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen! We are all equal and just.
  • Equality!
  • After the disagreement at the Estates General, the Third Estate declared themselves the National Assembly, and they were locked out of the estate-general meetings. They went to a tennis court and they took the tennis  court oath. This meant that the National Assembly would keep on meeting King until the King meet their demands.
  • "On July 14, around 800 people ... in search of weapons for militia, marched to the Bastille, a great fortress that once had held political prisoners." In a state of confusion the governor of the fortress fired, killing 98 people and wounding others, the crowd then stormed into the fortress and released 7 prisoners. 
  • On August 26,1789 the National Assembly issued the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen which was influenced by the natural rights and Enlightenment. It stated that all men "born and remain equal in rights"in all places at any time. This was the basis that protected individuals rights.
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