Human life is meaningful because God has given people the gift of existing and this gives life a purpose. The meaning oflife is a part of God's plan and one must discover it.
Leo Tolstoy's Belief
Only religious faith will lead people to God and reveal the meaning of life. Humans are too weak and limited to guide themselves in the right direction.
These peasants feel supported by their religious faith during good and bad times. Despite harsh problems, they never question God's existence nor feel a vexation towards God since they know that their meaning of life is well planned by God.
Tolstoy's Observations of Peasants
The meaning of life is subjective and it is invented by ourselves through our own experiences rather than usdiscovering a purpose from some transcendent being.
Non-Theistic Meaning of Life
Jean-Paul Sartre's Belief
Human beings are randomly thrown into the world, with no pre-given essence nor God-given purpose. People simply exist and define themselves afterwards.
Sartre's Atheistic Existentialist View
Humans are greater than non-human entities because we exist differently. Unlike cauliflowers and lobsters, humans are self-conscious and self-defining. Humans have the freedom to define themselves but they are also responsible for how they define themselves.