Gerald Gault and his friend prank-called someone, prompting them to complain to the police.
Dude lets make a prank call
They arrested Gault, and didn't notify his parents of his location, leaving them to find him on their own.
At this first hearing, Gault was forced to testify. The woman who complained didn't show up, no witnesses were sworn in, and no one recorded anything, Gault was to be held in custody until his next hearing.
Where are all the witnesses, why is no one recording this, and where is the complaining woman? This boy's probably going to have another hearing.
A couple days later after the first hearing, a second hearing occurs. Gault is forced to testify against himself and once again, the woman doesn't show up, nothing was recorded, and no witnesses were sworn in. Except this time, the court ruled that Gault was guilty
Gault's lawyers disagreed, and when they were denied by the apellate courts in Arizona, they appealed to the Supreme Court, who agreed to hear them out.
Gault's lawyers initial argument was that Gault was convicted without due process of law. The Supreme Court agreed, which set the precedent that said states can treat and punish juvenile's differently than adults, but they still must have basic rights in court.