CALL TO ADVENTURE- Odysseus is asked to go to Troy to fight, but the war lasts 10 years. Odysseus creates a plan (wooden horse) to help win the Trojans with the war. Odysseus sets sail with his men to Ithica.
MENTORS/HELPERS- The first person that helps Odysseus is Circe. For example, she tells Odysseus about going to Hades and to consult the bling prophet Tiresias. Tiresias helps Odysseus by telling him what to look out for. Zeus helps Odysseus in situations with Calypso. Athena helps Odysseus by turning him into the beggar to eventually get his kingdom back.
TESTS/ENEMIES- One thing that troubles Odysseus is his encounter with the cyclops named Polyphemus. Polyphemus tries to kill Odysseus and his men but they escape by hiding under the sheep. Another thing that stand in his way is the incident with Calypso when she holds him captive on her island for several years.