We should change our formation for the upper hand!
In 490BC King Darius of Persia invaded a part of Greece called Marathon. The Athenians were down in troops only having 11,000 to the Persians which had 15,000. The Athenians knew that they had a disadvantage so they had to rely on there strategy and weapons.
After sailing to Marathon King Darius decided to load up hes cavalry and some of his ground force to sail to the unprotected city of Athenians.The Greeks took advantage of this by changing there formation to in-circle the Persian troops during battle.
Run to Athens and tell them of our victory. We will arrive there soon.
The Greek's strategy was to thin out the middle of there ranks to only 4 deep in men instead of the traditional 8 to elongate their troops to encircle the Persains in battle.
REJOICE! WE HAVE VICTORY
Both sides fought and the Greeks picked off the Persians one by one. The strategy was first used many times before the battle of Marathon but the battle of Marathon was the first time that it actually worked.
The fastest runner out of all in the army Pheidippides ran over hills and plains far and wide to Athens to tell them that they have won the battle.
The runner ran 26 miles to Athens and they identified him and he said with the last breath and as loud an he could Rejoice we have victory then lay there dead on the floor. That's how the modern day marathon is based on.