The Industrial Revolution was the increased production of machine-made goods that started in England in the mid-1700s.
Wow, Britain is so great! We should totally industrialize since we have such a large population of workers, natural resources, an expanding economy, and political stability.
People flocked to British towns and cities to find jobs in factories.
I moved from my rural town to the big city to find work in the factories!
On farms, new methods such as crop rotation and enclosures were developed to grow more goods and resources.
Crop rotation is where different crops are planted each year to restore nutrients in the soil, and enclosures are spaces within larger fields where we experiment with more productive seeding and harvesting methods.
One example of a useful invention was the cotton gin, which easily separated cotton fibers from seeds and aided the textile industry. It allowed for greater productivity than manual cotton separation.
I, Eli Whitney, invented the cotton gin!
There were also negative effects of Industrialization. The rapid growth of Manchester, England, resulted in an unhealthy place for its poorer inhabitants. Working conditions were dangerous and terrible, and the environment was polluted.
The environment and working conditions are horrible.
The Industrial Revolution gave Europe tremendous economic power, revolutionized every aspect of society from daily life to life expectancy, and led to the development of a large middle class.