Estates-General meets to discuss possible solutions.
The Oath of the Tennis Court and the Formation of the National Assembly
We are the National Assembly!!
France was a very rich country, but it did not collect enough taxes from the people. This is because the nobles did not pay taxes, and because France had been using the same government since the Early Middle Ages. In addition, France had just spent on the French and Indian War, and on the American Revolution.
Storming of the Bastille
Louis XVI calls a meeting called the Estates-General. This has not been done for over 150 years, the KIng reverts to the old rules of the meeting. The royal family, the nobles,and the peasants, each have 1/3 representation.This gives the advantage to the higher claasses because they can side together and keep their privileges because all three classes have equal representation
The Declaration of the Rights of Man
DECLARATION OF THE RIGHTS OF MAN
The peasants are angry that they do not get more representation, and swear the Oath of the Tennis Court, which made them promise to write a new Constitution for France. Then, they called themselves the National Assembly.
King Louis XVI tries to flee France, and is executed
A revolt that the peasants started was the Storming of the Bastille. They burned down a government building called the Bastille, and then freed all the prisoners inside it.
The National Assembly wrote this document. It had many Enlightenment philosophies, including natural rights, freedom of religion and speech, and the social contract.
FREEDOM OF SPEECH AND RELIGION
King Louis saw the commotion and became very intimidated by the enraged peasants. He tried to secretly flee from Paris to Germany, but his carriage was caught near the border. he was convicted a traitor, and the people voted for him to be executed.