13.2 Mexican-American War


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  • Mexico Welcomes Anglo-Americans into Texas
  • New Dictator of Mexico
  • Battle of Gonzales
  • After winning independence from Spain, Mexico welcomed Anglo-American settlers into Texas, with hope that they would become loyal Mexican citizens. The settlers made their own schools and continued to speak English, all the while continuing to stay closer to the U.S. 
  • Battle of the Alamo
  • In 1835, Santa Anna, the President of Mexico overruled the Constitution and proclaimed himself dictator. Realizing that the Americans could use this as a valid reason to claim Texas for the U.S., he ordered their disarming. 
  • Battle of San Jacinto 
  • Mexican troops were sent to disarm the Texans. In the town of Gonzales, consisting of 18 men, had a spiked cannon to scare away Indians. Col. Moore of Gonzales told Lieutenant Castaneda to "come and take" the cannon, and fired it. The Mexican troops swiftly retreated.
  • Texas Gains Statehood
  • After holding the city of San Antonio for months, the Texans had finally come under attack. After being barricaded in the Alamo for 13 days, Mexican forces finally broke through. The Mexicans killed everyone, except for a few women and children. 
  • The final battle of the Mexican - American War lasted only 18 minutes. 630 Mexicans were killed and 730 were wounded. Only nine Texans were killed,  and 30 wounded. After the battle, Santa Anna was captured. The Mexicans and Texans signed a treaty that neither side agreed with, creating a state of war. 
  • After six years, Texas was finally made a state, after Ohio entered the Union as a free state. This continued to put the country at an unrest over the issue of slavery. 
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