There are four seasons in the grasslands. Winter, spring, summer and fall. Winters are extremely cold. There are Chinooks which are warm winds that come from the mountains. Chinooks are very windy but at least they bring in warm weather. The Grasslands get snow storms in late spring. Droughts can occur in the summer when it's very hot and there is low precipitation. This dries up rivers, lakes and streams.
What is the climate like in the Grasslands?
Some types of plants found in Alberta's Grasslands are choke cherry, cattail, willow, sagebrush, cottonwood, rose and wheat grass. The Lodge pole pine tree is the tree symbol of Alberta and it is also found in the Grasslands.
What is the plant life in the Grasslands like?
Plants are usually small and have small leaves to limit evaporation. If there is a drought, plants can go into a dormancy state and remain there until conditions improve. Many grassland plants after a rainfall will flower and produce seeds. The trees are usually thin and usually small. Grasses grow close to the ground. They have underground stem and buds Because they grow close to the ground they can survive with a limited amount of water.
The Grasslands are full of wild animals. Some of these animals give humans food, while some of these animals are endangered. Examples of animals that live here are the Black Bear, and the Jack Rabbit. Animals that give humans food are Elk, Mule Deer, Moose and White Tail Deer. Some endangered animals that live in the Grasslands are the Swift Fox and the Whooping Crane.
Animal life in the Grasslands.
Some animals rely on speed to outrun their predators. Most have long legs so they can outrun predators. Animals like deer and elk are brownish in color. This acts as a camouflage. They blend in with their surroundings. Jack rabbits turn white in the winter and brown in the summer. Prairie dogs have the ability to dig holes to escape from their predator and to live underground.