The Georgraphy and Early Settlement of Rome
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The Geography and Location of Rome
The Myth of Romulus and Remus
Etruscan Influence of Engineering on the Romans
Rome was very mountainous. Rome was located on a peninsula, which is a body of land surrounded by water on three sides. Rome was also located on the Tiber River.
Etruscan Influence of Sports on the Romans
A princess had twin sons Romulus and Remus, and the pincess's uncle was the king and he didn't want them to be king next so he ordered his men to drown them. A wolf rescued them, and they grew up to construct a town, but they had an arguement of who would rule.
Greek Influence of Architecture on the Romans
The Romans became good builders because they learned many techniques of the Etruscans. The Romans adapted the arch and cuniculus. Etruscan arches rested on two pillars, which supported a half-circle of of wedge-shaped stones. A cuniculus was a long underground trench, and the Etruscans used them to irrigate their crops, to drain swamps, and to distribute water to their cities.
Greek Influence of Writing, Art, and Religion on the Romans
The Romans adapted two Etruscan sports. The first was slave fighting, the Etruscans staged slave fights during funerals. Two slaves of the dead master fought to the death with swords and shields. Etruscan spectators enjoyed watching chariot races. The charioteers were strapped to their chariots, if a chariot overturned they could be dragged under the chariot’s wheels or trampled by the horse. The races often ended in injury or death.
Greek architecture was one important influence on the Romans. The Greeks constructed marble temples as homes for their gods. The Romans used Greek designs in their own public buildings, and eventually learned to use concrete to create even larger structures. The Romans also used concrete to build the Colosseum where gladiators fought.
The Greek and Roman alphabets had many similarities and many Roman writers were inspired by Greek poetry and myths. The Romans brought the work of Greek potters into their homes, and the Greek influence on Roman painting and sculpture was so great that historians speak of Greco-Roman art. The Romans had their own gods and rituals, and the Romans adapted many of the Greek gods as their own, but gave them Roman names.
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